National heroes of the Philipines

national hero of the Philippines is a Filipino who has been recognized as a hero for his or her role in the history of the country. Loosely, the term may refer to all Filipino historical figures recognized as heroes, but the term more strictly refers to those officially designated as such. In 1995 the Philippine National Heroes Committee officially recommended several people for the designation, but this was not acted upon. Currently, no one has ever been officially recognized as a Philippine national hero.[1]

The reformist writer Jose Rizal, today generally considered the greatest Filipino hero and often given as the Philippine national hero, has never been explicitly proclaimed as the (or even a) national hero by the Philippine government.[1] Besides Rizal, the only other Filipinos currently given implied recognition as national heroes are revolutionary Andres Bonifacio[1] and Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. While other historical figures are commemorated in public municipal or provincial holidays, Rizal, Bonifacio and Aquino are commemorated in public nationwide (national) holidays and thus are implied to be national heroes.[1]

The National Heroes Committee recommended the Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Emilio AguinaldoApolinario MabiniMarcelo H. del PilarSultan Dipatuan KudaratJuan LunaMelchora Aquino, andGabriela Silang to be recognized as national heroes on November 15, 1995:[1] Up to now, no action has been taken for these recommended National Heroes.

In August 2009, shortly after the death of former President Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, legislative measures have been filed calling for her official recognition as a national hero

Christmas in the Philippines


Filipinos are very religious and family-oriented by nature. Nothing could ever measure to being with your family and love-ones on special occasions like birthdays, Christening, anniversaries, New Year, and ofcourse Christmas. Filipinos have high regards for Christmas, having known as the ones who celebrates this sacred day the longest and in the moss blissful way.

Christmas preparation starts as early as September and the Christmas season does not only focus on just the eve and the Christmas day itself. Filipinos have this “simbang gabi” (Attending mass) that starts on the 16th of December and ends on the 24th, a day before Christmas. Filipinos ritually attends the mass for nine consecutive days. Then have their festive celebration of the tradional “Noche Buena” (Christmas Eve).

For the Noche Buena, you would see variety of mouth-watering dishes, from desserts, to the main course and you’ll get full even at the sight of these Filipino Christmas cuisine.

So what will you find on a traditional Christmas dinner in the typical Philippines setting?

Traditional games in the Philippines

Traditional Filipino Games or traditional games in the Philippines [1][2] are games commonly played by children, usually using native materials or instruments. In the Philippines, due to limited resources of toys of Filipino children, they usually come up on inventing games without the need of anything but the players themselves. With the flexibility of a real human to think and act makes the game more interesting and challenging.

A few decades ago, kids used to gather in the streets or in their neighborhood playground to play their favorite Larong Pinoy games like piko, patintero, taguan, tumbang preso, siato, luksong tinik, etc. These has been their regular and popular pastimes, as well as the favorite games of their parents and grandparents until new and modern forms of entertainment has taken over the interests of young kids.

Dickie Aguado, Executive Director of Magna Kultura Foundation, confirms that the Traditional Filipino Games are very much alive in Philippines. It is not true that the Filipino Street Games are no longer played, as some would say that it has vanished in Philippine society. In many urban and rural areas, a great majority of Filipino children still play outdoor street games as most of them are still unable to own expensive high-tech gadgets. Games like Patintero, Tumbang Preso, Piko, Sipa, Turumpo, and many others, are very much alive and played daily in the neighborhood. The primary reason why some children stop playing the Pinoy games is because Western sports activities (i.e., basketball or volleyball) are more prominently organized in local Barangays and in schools. With lack of organized sports activities for Filipino street games, children would just move on leaving the games of their childhood in the streets.

Nonetheless, the Filipino Traditional Games are very much alive and are still played in the country. Because it is a tradition for Filipinos to play in a bigger and spacious area, most games are usually played outside the house. Some games are played or held during town fiestas in the provinces.

There are over forty (40) known Filipino games, and many of these are as challenging and competitive as Western games. To cite a few, Filipino Traditional Games include the following:

Culture of the Philippines

Philippine culture is related to MalaysianSpanishMexicanAmerican and other Asian cultures. The people today are mostly of Malay origin, although there are people with Spanish, Mexican, and Chinese blood. Geographically, the Philippines is considered part of Southeast Asia. However, the Philippine culture has many differences with other Asian cultures, and has similarities with the cultures of the Pacific Islands and Latin America, such as in language, food, religion, traditions and ethnicity.

The indigenous culture is related to those of Melanesia and the later Polynesian culture has similarities to Pacific Island cultures. These similarities include the Filipino language and ethnicity; most common with that of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. The Spanish colonization heavily influenced the culture. The most significant influence is the religion – Roman Catholicism, plus, Spanish is spoken in some parts of the Philippines, and there are even some descendants of the Spanish colonizers today. As well as the Spanish culture, the Native Mexican culture was introduced as the Philippines was governed from Mexico. In Filipino, there are many borrowed words from Native Mexican languages, and some people also have Native American origins. Today, many people do not acknowledge the Philippine’s relations with Latin America, Spain and the Pacific Islands. Instead, because of the country’s location, it is common to notice the similarities with other Asian countries.

The indigenous population in the Philippines, known as the Negritos, has many similarities with the people of Melanesia and Papua New Guinea. Some of these people wear traditional clothes such as grass skirts, live in isolated villages in the mountains and rainforest and practice traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles. After the Negritos, Groups of Polynesians came to the Philippines, coming from Taiwan (Filipinos are not descendants of the Han-Chinese Taiwanese people who inhabit Taiwan today, but the Taiwanese aborigines, who have a very small population.) and spreading as far asMadagascarHawaiiNew Zealand and Easter Island. Today you can see similarities in language, ethnicity and traditions between the Philippines and Pacific Island cultures, as they have common origins. Later, a small number of people coming from Malaysia and Indonesia also settled the islands.

Spanish colonization in the Philippines lasted from 1565 to 1898. Most of that time the islands were governed from Mexico and later directly from Spain. As a result, there is a significant amount of Spanish and Mexican influence in Philippine customs and traditions. Hispanic influences are visible in traditional Philippine folk music and dancecuisine, festivities, religion, ethnicity and language. In Filipino, there are many Native American words that were introduced by the Mexicans in the Philippines. The most visible example of Spanish are the Spanish names of Filipinos, which were given through a tax law (see: Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames), the thousands of Spanish loanwords in native languages such as Tagalog and Cebuano, the Spanish speaking parts of the Philippines, and the majority Catholic religion.

Later, the Philippines was a territory of the United States from 1898 until 1946. American influences are widely evident in the use of the English language, and in contemporary pop culture, such asmusicfilmfast-food, and basketball.

There are also strong similarities with the Pacific islands, Mexico, and Spain. There are some similarities with Islamic Malaysian and Indonesian cultures, and Chinese and Japanese.

Philippines Culture

This is the one thing that separates us from the rest of the world – our colorful and lively culture that makes us distinctly Filipino. This includes traditions, language, arts, etc. which are found in museums, churches and galleries, found within the heart of the key cities.

Most provinces have their own identifying folk dances too wherein they showcase the elegance and beauty of the way we do things, the way we dress, the way we see things as shown in different paintings, as we have been influenced by events that happened in our history.

That’s not all. When you have lived in the Philippines long enough, you’ll know that it’s not an exaggeration to say there is a town that’s celebrating its fiesta every single day.


“99 Names of Allah” (in Arabic: “Asma-ul Husnaa” = The Excellent Names) are the epithets of Allah`s attributes mentioned through the The Holy Koran and Hadiths (sayings of The Last Prophet Muhammad {peace of Allah be upon him}). Indeed, the names and attributes referring to Allah in the Koran and sayings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is more than a hundred. The phrase “Asma-ul Husnaa” contains the whole of this names and attributes in general meaning. However it is a special term for the 99 Names of Allah in Islamic literature.
“Asma-ul Husnaa” have a very special significance in Islamic belief. Because firstly in the Koran, Allah says: “Allah`s are the excellent names, therefore invoke him by them. (7:180)”. Secondly, as the teacher and explainer of the Koran, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “There are 99 names of Allah; he who commits them to memory (in the narration of Ibn `Umar this part of sentence is: “he who enumerates them) would get into Paradise. Allah is Odd (i.e. he is One and 99 is an odd number) and He loves odd number: …(Than the reporter Abu Huraira enumerates the 99 Names)…
Because of this significance, hundreds of “Asma-ul Husna explanation books” have been written [and is being written, even on the web ;-)] by Muslims. Many leading Muslim writers and scholars in the Islamic history had wanted to add their book series also an “Asma-ul Husna explanation” book. There is even books that only examining the books written about “Asma-ul Husna”.
There is absolutely an “Asma-ul Husna” collection in the works of a Muslim calligrapher. Many Muslim teachers and parents ask their students and children to memorize “Asma-ul Husna” by promising them some gifts. Many good Muslims enumerate “Asma-ul Husna” every day especially after the day`s first praying expecting the spiritual advancement and to get into Paradise as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) heralded.
One may ask: “How come only enumerating or memorizing these names can result the spiritual advancement and getting into Paradise ?”
” The Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) again and again instructed and advised his companions to keep their hearts always illuminated with the remembrance of Allah. ”
In the Koran Allah says: “…and certainly the remembrance of Allah is the greatest, and Allah knows what you do.” (29:45), “Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of Allah: for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction.” (13:28) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “… Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.“(Sahih Bukhari / Belief (Al-Eman), Volume 1, Book 2, Number 49)
“According to him, the heart is the source of good and bad thoughts and deeds. If there is a slackness on the part of a believer in the remembrance of Allah, bad ideas and thoughts occur in it. At the end they result in sins or vices. When the remembrance of Allah is in abundance, bad thoughts and ideas are suppressed and good ones occur which lead to good deeds. ”
If we keep in view the verse of Koran mentioned above (29:45) we can realize the relationship between remembrance of Allah and the deeds it resulted: After mentioning about remembering Him, Allah says: “and Allah knows WHAT YOU DO.
So, memorizing or enumerating the Excellent Names of Allah, will result in remembering him; remembering him will result in the illumination and goodness of the heart; this good heart will result in the good deeds; and the good deeds will take the person into Paradise by the permission of the Lord Of the worlds Allah.
The name of the Owner and Creator of everything is: Allah, the One. Allah, the eternally Besought of all. He begotten not nor was begotten. And there is non comparable unto him. (Koran 112 : 1-4)
” We can call Him by other sacred names also which are attributive or qualitative with great benefits and blessings. Nevertheless, He must be remembered, or called upon only with one of the names by which the last Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is known to have remembered or called on Him. The reason for this is simple: Allah Almighty is beyond human comprehension and, therefore, to call on Him by names out of one`s own imagination may be unbecoming to His Omnipotence. ”
So, here are the names we can call Allah at ease. Because they were taught the mankind by the Book and the Prophet He sent.

In the tables of “Asma-ul Husnaa” that is written by the calligraphers mostly a form is used: At the beginning of the table the phrase “Besmillaahirrahmaanerraheem” (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful) is written. Than the verse and the hadith about “Asma-ul Husnaa” is written. Than “Asma-ul Husnaa” is written in the order that was enumerated in the related hadith. After each name a respect statement for Allah “Jella Jelaeluh” (His majesty exalted) said and it is written to the left of the names.