Philipine Culture

resident Quezon died in exile in Saranac Lake, New York on August 1, 1944. Sergio Osmena became President of the Philippine Commonwealth and came ashore at Leyte with MacArthur.

Osmena’s Nacionalista Party had split with Manuel Roxas leading the newly formed Liberal Party. Roxas had served in Laurel’s government and a bitterly divisive election campaign centered on his conduct during the war. Roxas won the election on April 23, 1946 to become the first President of Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.

Relations between the Republican government and the Hukbalahap were confrontational and often violent in the post-war years, especially as landlords returned to reclaim the estates they had abandoned during the occupation. Roxas was in turns conciliatory and repressive in his dealings with the Huks. In 1948 he extended a general amnesty to all those arrested for collaboration with the Japanese and, in the same year, declared…

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Republic of the Philipines

resident Quezon died in exile in Saranac Lake, New York on August 1, 1944. Sergio Osmena became President of the Philippine Commonwealth and came ashore at Leyte with MacArthur.

Osmena’s Nacionalista Party had split with Manuel Roxas leading the newly formed Liberal Party. Roxas had served in Laurel’s government and a bitterly divisive election campaign centered on his conduct during the war. Roxas won the election on April 23, 1946 to become the first President of Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.

Relations between the Republican government and the Hukbalahap were confrontational and often violent in the post-war years, especially as landlords returned to reclaim the estates they had abandoned during the occupation. Roxas was in turns conciliatory and repressive in his dealings with the Huks. In 1948 he extended a general amnesty to all those arrested for collaboration with the Japanese and, in the same year, declared the Huks a subversive and illegal organization.

Roxas died of a heart attack in April 1948 and was succeeded by Elpidio Quirino. Quirino attempted to negotiate with the Huk leader Taruc but the effort came to nothing. Huk strength reached its peak with as many as 15,000 armed men during and for a time following the 1949 presidential election campaign. Quirino and the Liberals were returned to office.

Quirino’s Secretary of Defense, Ramon Magsaysay, succeeded in his policy to put down the Huks militarily and gain popular support for the civil authority. He imposed strict discipline on the military police to restrain their abuses of civilians. At the same time, the Huks lost their popular support through their indiscipline. Many had become nothing more than common robbers and bandits. The Huks finally lost the sympathy and respect of the people with the murder of President Quezon’s widow and her family.

Magsaysay ran for the Nacionalista Party in 1953 and took two-thirds of the vote to defeat Quirino. Magsaysay enjoyed a popular presidency. He started many small but important local projects building roads, bridges, wells and irrigation canals. He established special courts to resolve landlord-tenant disputes. Taruc surrendered to the government in May 1954 signalling the decline of the Huk threat.

Carlos Garcia became President when Magsaysay died in an airplane crash on March 17, 1957. Garcia was reelected President in 1957 in the warm afterglow of Magsaysay’s popularity. The Liberal Party recovered its strength under Diosdado Macapagal who won the 1961 presidential election.

Soon after taking office, President Macapagal proclaimed June 12 a national holiday in celebration of Philippine Independence. General Emilio Aguinaldo, who first proclaimed Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898, was the guest of honour at the first Independence Day celebrations held on June 12, 1962.

Indigenous peoples of the Philippines

Map of the indigenous peoples of the Philippines by province.

Flag of the Philippines.svg
Demographics of the Philippines
Education
Religions
Languages
Peoples  Filipino
        Ivatan
Ilocano
Igorot
Ibanag
Pangasinan
Kapampangan
Aeta
Sambal
Tagalog
Bicolano
Mangyan
Palawan peoples
Visayan
Ati
Chavacano
Lumad
Moro
Bajau
Mestizo
Chinese
Spanish

Africans
Americans
Arabs
Europeans
Indonesians
Japanese
Jews
Koreans
South Asians
Spaniards

The indigenous peoples of the Philippines consist of a large number of indigenous ethnic groups living in the country. They are the

descendants of the original inhabitants of the Philippines who have managed to resist centuries of Spanish and United States colonization and in the process have retained their customs and traditions.[1]

In the 1990s, there were more than 100 highland tribal groups constituted approximately 3% of the population. The upland tribal groups were a blend in ethnic origin like other lowland Filipinos, although they did not have contact with the outside world. They displayed a variety of social organization, cultural expression and artistic skills. They showed a high degree of creativity, usually employed to embellish utilitarian objects, such as bowls, baskets, clothing, weapons and spoons. These groups ranged from various Igorot tribes, a group that includes the Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg, Kalinga and Kankana-ey, who built the Rice Terraces. They also covered a wide spectrum in terms of their integration and acculturation with lowland Christian and Muslim Filipinos. Native groups such as the Bukidnon in Mindanao, had intermarried with lowlanders for almost a century. Other groups such as the Kalinga in Luzon have remained isolated from lowland influence.

There were several indigenous groups living in the Cordillera Central of Luzon in 1990. At one time it was employed by lowland Filipinos in a pejorative sense, but in recent years it came to be used with pride by native groups in the mountain region as a positive expression of their ethnic identity. The Ifugaos of Ifugao Province, the Bontocs, Kalinga, Tinguian, the Kankana-ey and Ibaloi were all farmers who constructed the rice terraces for many centuries.

Other mountain peoples of Luzon are the Isnegs of northern Kalinga-Apayao Province, the Gaddangs of the border between Kalinga-Apayao, and Isabela provinces and the Ilongots of Nueva Vizcaya Province and Caraballo Mountains all developed hunting and gathering, farming cultivation and headhunting. Other indigenous people such as the Negritos formerly dominated the highlands throughout the islands for thousands of years, but have been reduced to a small population, living in widely scattered locations, primarily along the eastern ranges of the mountains.

In the southern Philippines, upland and lowland tribal groups were concentrated on Mindanao and western Visayas, although there are several indigenous groups such as the Mangyan living in Mindoro. Among the most important groups found on Mindanao are collectively called theLumad, and includes the Manobo, Bukidnon of Bukidnon ProvinceBagoboMandaya, and Mansaka, who inhabited the mountains bordering theDavao Gulf; the Subanon of upland areas in the Zamboanga; the Mamanua in the Agusan-Surigao border region; the Bila-anTiruray and Tboli in the region of the Cotabato province, and the Samal and Bajau in the Sulu Archipelago. The tribal groups of the Philippines are known for their carved wooden figures, baskets, weaving, pottery and weapons.

Ethnic groups in the Philippines

Ethnic groups in the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of the ethnic groups of the Philippines by province. Shade per province is determined on which group has the highest number of people; several provinces may be split into several ethnic groups.

The Philippine islands are inhabited by number of different ethnic groups. The majority of the population is composed of ethnolinguistic groups whose languages are Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) in origin. Many of these groups converted to Christianity, and adopted many foreign elements of culture. These ethnic groups include the CebuanoIlocanoPangasinenseKapampanganTagalogBicolano, and Waray.

In Mindanao, there are people who practice Islam. The Spanish called them Moros after the Moors. In some highland areas of Mindanao, there are mountain-dwelling ethnic groups collectively known as lumad. These people do not practice Islam, and maintain their animistic beliefs and traditions.

The Negrito are a pre-Mongoloid people who migrated from mainland Asia and were one of the earliest human beings to settle the Philippines, around 30,000 years ago.[citation needed] (The known first being that of the people of the Callao Man remains) The Negrito population are estimated to number around 30,000. Their tribal groups include the Ati, and the Aeta. Their ways of life remain mostly free from Western and Islamic influences. Scholars study them to try to understand pre-Hispanic culture.

Most Filipinos are part of the Austronesian group, a group of Malayo-Polynesian speaking people often known as Malay race. Other ethnic groups form a minority in the Philippine population. These include those of Spanish, American, Chinese, Europeans, and other ethnic groups from other countries. Mixed-race individuals are known as Filipino mestizo.

Many Filipinos use English in the public sphere, and also speak Filipino and other Philippine languages. Spanish was the official language in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period from the 16th century to the late 19th century. The government continued to use it as one of the official languages until 1987.

Contents

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Philippine History

Early History -The Negritos are believed to have migrated to the Philippines some 30,000 years ago from Borneo, Sumatra, and Malaya. The Malayans followed in successive waves. These people belonged to a primitive epoch of Malayan culture, which has apparently survived to this day among certain groups such as the Igorots. The Malayan tribes that came later had more highly developed material cultures.

In the 14th cent. Arab traders from Malay and Borneo introduced Islam into the southern islands and extended their influence as far north as Luzon. The first Europeans to visit (1521) the Philippines were those in the Spanish expedition around the world led by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. Other Spanish expeditions followed, including one from New Spain (Mexico) under López de Villalobos, who in 1542 named the islands for the infante Philip, later Philip II.

MGA MASASARAP NA PAGKAING PINOY … KAIN NA…

Sino na sa inyo ang nakapag try na ng mga ganitong pagkain? Alin ang pinaka masarap?

1. TAPSILOG – Tapa, Sinangag, Itlog

2. LONGSILOG – Longganisa, Sinangag, Itlog

3. HOTSILOG – Hotdog, Sinangag, Itlog

4. PORKSILOG – Pork, Sinangag, Itlog

5. CHICKSILOG – Chicken, Sinangag Itlog

6. AZUCARERA – Adobong Aso

7. LUGLOG – Lugaw, Itlog

8. *oi bawal yan* – Pandesal, Kape, Itlog

9. KALOG – Kanin, Itlog

10. PAKALOG – Pandesal, Kanin, Itlog

11. MAALOG NA *nuts* – Maalat na Itlog, Pakbet, Itlog

12. BAHAW – Bakang Inihaw (akala ninyo kaning lamig ano)

13. KALKAL – Kalderetang Kalabaw

14. HIMAS – Hipon Malasado

15. HIMAS SUSO – Hipon Malasado, Sugpo, Keso

16. HIMAS *toot* – Hipon Malasado, Kropek, Pinekpekan

17. *toot* MONG MALAKI – Kropek, Pinekpekan, Monggo,
Malasado, Laing, Kilawin

18. DILA – Dinuguan, Laing

19. DILAAN MO – Dinuguan, Laing, Dalandan, Molo

20. BOKA BOKA – Bopis, Kanin, Bokayo, Kape

21. BOKA BOKA MO PA – Bopis, Kanin, Bokayo, Kape,Molong Pancit

22. *toot* – Kanin, Tortang Talong

23. *toot* PA – Kanin, Tortang Talong, Pancit

24. SIGE *toot* PA – Sinigang na Pige, Kanin, Tortang Talong, Pancit

25. SIGE *toot* PA IBAON MO – Sinigang na Pige, Kanin,Tortang Talong,
Pancit – Take out

26. SIGE *toot* PA HA – Sinigang na Pige, Kanin,Tortang Talong, Pancit,
Halo-halo

27. SIGE *toot* PAIBAON MO PAPA! – Sinigang na Pige, Kanin, Tortang
Talong, Pancit… Take out with Ketchup

28. *toot* – Pandesal, Kanin, Tortang Talong

29. *toot* – Papaitan, Kanin, Tortang Talong

30. *toot* KA BA – Papaitan, Kanin, Tortang Talong, Kapeng Barako

31. *toot* SA YO – Pandesal, Kanin, Tortang Talong,Saging + Yosi

32. *toot* KA – Pandesal, Kanin, Tortang Talong,Kape

33. *toot* KA HABANG MATIGAS PA – Pandesal, Kanin, Tortang Talong,
Kape, Inihaw na Bangus,
Maruya,Tinola, Ginisang Aso, Pancit

34. SUBO! – Sugpo, Bopis

35. SUBO MO – Sugpo, Bopis, Molo

36. SUBO MO PA – Sugpo, Bopis, Molo, Pancit

37. SUBO MO PA MAIGE – Sugpo, Bopis, Molo, Mais, Pige

38. SUBO MO *toot* KO – Sugpo, Bopis, Tinola, Teryaki,Kochinta

39. SUBO MO *toot* KO BILIS – Sugpo, Bopis, Tinola Teryaki, Kochinta,
Bihon, Tawilis

40. SUBO MO *toot* KO BILIS, HAYOP! – …same as #39, minura mo lang yung
waiter kasi ang tagal ng order.

National Hero of the Philippines

A national hero of the Philippines is a Filipino who has been recognized as a hero for his or her role in the history of the country. Loosely, the term may refer to all Filipino historical figures recognized as heroes, but the term more strictly refers to those officially designated as such. In 1995 the Philippine National Heroes Committee officially recommended several people for the designation, but this was not acted upon. Currently, no one has ever been officially recognized as a Philippine national hero.[1]
The reformist writer Jose Rizal, today generally considered the greatest Filipino hero and often given as the Philippine national hero, has never been explicitly proclaimed as the (or even a) national hero by the Philippine government.[1] Besides Rizal, the only other Filipinos currently given implied recognition as national heroes are revolutionary Andres Bonifacio[1] and Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. While other historical figures are commemorated in public municipal or provincial holidays, Rizal, Bonifacio and Aquino are commemorated in public nationwide (national) holidays and thus are implied to be national heroes.[1]
The National Heroes Committee recommended the Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat, Juan Luna, Melchora Aquino, and Gabriela Silang to be recognized as national heroes on November 15, 1995:[1] Up to now, no action has been taken for these recommended National Heroes.
In August 2009, shortly after the death of former President Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, legislative measures have been filed calling for her official recognition as a national hero.[2][3]