The Filipino people or Filipinos are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the islands of the Philippines. There are about 94 million Filipinos in the Philippines,[20] and about 11 million living outside the Philippines (including Guam and Hawaii).[21]

There are around 180 languages spoken in the Philippines, most of them belonging to the Austronesian language family, with Tagalog and Cebuano having the greatest number of native speakers.[22] The official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and English and most Filipinos are bilingual or trilingual.[23][24]

Most Filipinos refer to themselves colloquially as Pinoy (feminine: “Pinay”), which is a slang word formed by taking the last four letters of “Pilipino” and adding the diminutive suffix “-y”. The lack of the letter “F” in the pre-1987 Philippine alphabet, Abakada, had caused the letter “F” to be substituted with “P”. This is why, when the 28-letter modern Filipino alphabet was made official in 1987, the name Filipino was preferred over Pilipino. The name Filipino was chosen by the Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, who named the islands “las Islas Filipinas” (“the Philippine Islands”) after Philip II of Spain.[25]

In colloquial speech, English language words borrowed from the Filipino language are inflected for gender. It is quite unnatural, for example, for women to call themselves Filipino in daily conversation and they will generally refer to themselves instead as Filipina. Also, adjectives that have to do with women (e.g. “Filipina beauty”) are modified to use the feminine form. In legal documents such as bank accounts and passports, however, both genders are referred to as Filipino.

It may be said that the Filipinos are intelligent, with retentive
memory, quick perception, and talents for art and science. They also
are gentle, friendly, and cheerful people, noted for their courtesyand hospitality.

Filipinos are famous not only for their warm hospitality, but also for
their close family ties. The parents work hard and sacrifice much for
their children; in return, the children love and respect them and take
good care of them in their old age.

Filipinos owing to their beautiful country, are passionately romantic.
They are ardent in love as they are fierce in battle. They are born
poets, musicians and artists.

Filipinos are a liberty-loving and brave people. They valiantly
resisted the Spanish, American and Japanese invaders of their native
land. They rank among the bravest people of the world. Filipino
courage has been proven in the Battle of Mactan (1521), in the Battle
of Tirad Pass (1899), in the battle of Bataan, Corregidor, Bessang
Pass during World War II, and in many other battlefields.

Gratitude is another sterling trait of the Filipinos. They are
grateful to those who have granted them favors or who are good to
them. Their high sense of gratitude is expressed in the phrase Utang
na loob (debt of honor).

Filipinos are cooperative. They value the virtue of helping each other
and other people. They cherish the ancestral trait of bayanihan, which
means cooperation. In rural areas, when a man is building, repairing